How do you assess your progress in the development of skills? In 1980, brothers Stuart and Hubert Dreyfus came out with an 18-page report on their research at the University of California, Berkeley. The Dreyfus model of skill acquisition proposes that a student passes through five clearly defined stages. They are as follows:
1. Novice- You have no experience and new to a certain task.
2. Advanced beginner- You begin learning.
3. Competent- You have sufficient knowledge.
4. Proficient- You have sufficient knowledge and training.
5. Expert- You have a high degree of skill resulting from experience.
As an example, in the field of target shooting, participants are classified as follows: